C Programming Language

C Programming Language

C Programming Language

The C Programming Language is developed by Dennis Ritchie for creating system applications that directly interact with the hardware devices such as drivers, kernels, etc.
C programming is considered as the base for other programming languages, that is why it is known as the mother language.
It can be defined in the following ways:
  • Mother language
  • System programming language
  • Procedure-oriented programming language
  • Structured programming language
  • Mid-level programming language

1) C as a mother language

C language is considered as the mother language of all the modern programming languages because most of the compilers, JVMs, Kernels, etc. are written in C language, and most of the programming languages follow C syntax, for example, C++, Java, C#, etc.
It provides the core concepts like the array, strings, functions, file handling, etc. that are being used in many languages like C++, Java, C#, etc.

2) C as a system programming language

A system programming language is used to create system software. C language is a system programming language because it can be used to do low-level programming (for example driver and kernel). It is generally used to create hardware devices, OS, drivers, kernels, etc. For example, Linux kernel is written in C.
It can’t be used for internet programming like Java, .Net, PHP, etc.

3) C as a procedural language

A procedure is known as a function, method, routine, subroutine, etc. A procedural language specifies a series of steps for the program to solve the problem. A procedural language breaks the program into functions, data structures, etc.
C is a procedural language. In C, variables and function prototypes must be declared before being used.

4) C as a structured programming language

A structured programming language is a subset of procedural language. Structure means to break a program into parts or blocks so that it may be easy to understand. In the C language, we break the program into parts using functions. It makes the program easier to understand and modify.

5) C as a mid-level programming language

C is considered as a middle-level language because it supports the feature of both low-level and high-level languages. C language program is converted into assembly code, it supports pointer arithmetic (low-level), but it is machine independent (a feature of high-level).
A Low-level language is specific to one machine, i.e., machine-dependent. It is machine-dependent, fast to run. But it is not easy to understand.
A High-Level language is not specific to one machine, i.e., machine-independent. It is easy to understand.
C Program:
In this, all C programs are given with C compiler so that you can quickly change the C program code.
File: main.c
#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
printf(“Hello C Programming\n”);
return 0;
}
A detailed description of the above program is given in the next chapters.

Related Post:

Features of C Programming Language

Variables in C

Data Types in C

Keywords in C

C Operators

Comments in C

Escape Sequence in C

C Functions

Storage Classes in C

Dynamic memory allocation in C

Factorial Program in C

Leap year program in C

Fibonacci Series in C

Prime Number program in C

Palindrome program in C

Sum of digits program in C

Escape Sequence in C

ASCII value in C

Difference Between Type Casting and Type Conversion in C

Difference Between Variables and Constants

Matrix multiplication in C

C Program to generate Fibonacci Triangle

C Program to print “hello” without semicolon

C Program to swap two numbers without third variable

C Program to reverse number

Count the number of digits in C

Tokens in C

C Identifiers

C Strings

Compile time vs Runtime in C

C break statement

C goto statement

Type Casting in C

C String Functions

C Pointers

Dangling Pointers in C

void pointer in C

Pointer to Pointer in C

Recursion in C

Call by value and Call by reference in C

File Handling in C

C fprintf() and fscanf()

C fputc() and fgetc()

C fputs() and fgets()

C fseek() function

Constant Pointers in C

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